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Dark Circles

Tired eyes, puffy eyes and Dark Circles belong to the most presented concerns in beauty clinics. It results from a number of sources, from heredity, to allergies, to poor sleep, to vitamin deficiencies. Some of the available treatments include Diode Laser Rejuvenation, Radiofrequency, Injectable Fillers, Chemical Peel, Derma Pen and Micro-needling. Before you choose one of the treatments, it is important to determine the cause of your dark circles. Methods that are particularly effective in the stimulation of collagen production, thereby reducing dark circles, are 810nm Diode Laser Rejuvenation and Dermapen.  These also work by decreasing pigmentation problems, and by improving overall skin quality. We like to use these two methods in concert with each other as we find that they are most powerful when used together. However, in certain group of people who are suitable for injectable fillers, result can be equally effective as this combination method.

Benefits:

  • Look fresher

  • Skin lightening

  • Skin becomes thicker

  • What are the causes?

  • There are 3 categories or types of dark under eye circles.

    • Discoloration from darkening of the pigmentation

    • Discoloration from prominent vasculature

    • Discoloration from periorbital structural changes

  • Hyper-pigmentation is the cause of brown circles; however, darker circles are the result of oxygenated blood pools found beneath the under-eye skin. Genetic, or race, seasonal allergies and nasal congestion are amongst the most common cause of dark under eye circles. Chronic eye-rubbing, excessive sun exposure, and age are other well documented causes of this problem. However, As previously stated, allergies are another major cause.  Even minor nasal congestion can cause dilation of the blood vessels that drain from the area around the eyes and into the nose. When this occurs, these blood vessels darken. Other contributing causes of dark circles are diseases, infections, vitamin deficiencies, mental disorders, weight gain and loss, diet, and unhealthy lifestyle. 

  • Who is affected?

  • It has been observed that dark circles under the eyes are most prevalent among Asian and African heritage and of course, this condition is also the result of ageing, therefore, it is more often observed in older people. Those who have a genetic trait of very thin lower eyelid skin can also present with dark circles, due to the veins showing through. Those having an Iron deficiency can also suffer as this condition can prevent the blood from carrying sufficient oxygen to eye tissues. Sleeping disorders such as insomnia can be a cause. Other reason for dark circles to manifest are quite diverse: pregnancy, being overweight, Eczema or skin pigmentation abnormalities, depression, substance abuse/ drug addiction, low immunity or illnesses.  Deficiencies in Vitamin B12, E, K, and D can also lead to dark circles. This condition is also more prevelant in those individuals who have high cheekbones. This is because the eyelid cheek junction elongates over time and the appearance of the tear trough becomes more prominent.

  • What can be done to improve the appearance of these dark circles?

    • We advise that clients reduce sun exposure and to always wear a broad spectrum sunscreen with UVA and UVB protection.  These products should be applied all the way to the lash line, and additionally, wear sunglasses whenever possible.

    • Sleep: At least 7-9 hours of sleep is recommended: the skin takes on a paler (or greyer in the case of dark-skinned individuals) due to lack of sleep.  This naturally draws attention to the darker contrast beneath the eyes. It has been noted that in addition to dark circles, there might also be puffiness. This can be addressed if you are able to sleep on your back rather than the side and always elevate the head using a pillow.

    • Nutrition: Both sufficient water and anti-oxidants are recommended. We advise abstaining from salt and moderation of alcohol in your diet. This is because both of these can lead to water retention, and increase swelling while reducing circulation. On the morning after having indulged, you notice puffiness, you can use a chilled teaspoon, placing it on the eyelids for about ten minutes. In addition to helping to reduce puffiness, it can cause constriction of the blood vessels.

    • Smoking: As always, cessation of smoking will greatly improve the quality of your skin as well as improve your overall health.

    • Make-up: Use of slightly peachy or yellow concealer helps to counteract shadows caused brown pigmentation.

    • Check for allergies and sinus related issues. These are such common occurrences; one is able to treat them by using over the counter antihistamines as alleries can dilate the blood vessels which makes the eyes puffy and darker. 

    • It has often been found that volume loss in the periorbital area results in dark circles and is not merely a skin colour change. The orbital bone becomes more prominent creating a hollow tear trough as one ages. Hyaluronic acid fillers such as Restylane or Juvederm can be used to treat tear troughs. These are injected into the area to re-plump and push the skin up and away from the blood vessels. Care is always taken to minimise the risk of the tinsel effect, or a blue tinge. This is sometimes observed when these fillers are used in the under eye skin.

    • Mesotherapy injections used on their own or alone with the use of dermal fillers such as hyaluronic acid has been used to successfully diminish the appearance of dark circles.

    • Radiofrequency and 810nm Diode laser treatments can also help boost collagen production and diminish the appearance of dark circles while tightening the skin around the eyes. This would typically be six treatments.

    • Q-switch Laser can be used to destroy pigmented cells and to even out skin tone. This is done with a beam of light energy. 

FAQs:

  • What is it?

  • Quite often, dark circles appear as part of the normal ageing process, when the skin's natural collagen slows.  With the passage of time, the bony structure of the face changes and moves. The skin around the periorbital area is already thin, and this decrease in collagen production exacerbates it further. This can result in movement of the periorbital fat as it diminishes. When it prolapses, the underlying blood vessels become more exposed, and this vasculature is the primary cause of the discoloration in the periorbital area.

Prices:

                                     Single Session              6 Sessions

Dark Circles                     £120                             £600